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New Holland LX865 Troubleshooting

The New Holland LX865 skid steer loader is powered by 192 cu.in (3.2L) New Holland 332T 3-cylinder turbocharged water-cooled diesel engine with a rated power of 60 hp (44.5 kW) at 2100 rpm. The New Holland LX865 is equipped with a radial-lift loader boom, 1-speed hydrostatic transmission, ASA 100 drive chains, and 12x16.5 or 8.25x15 tires. The hydraulic system has a pump with fluid flow rate of 17.6 gpm (66.7 lpm) or 31 gpm (117.5 lpm). The skid steer loader has a rated operating capacity of 2200 lbs (998 kg) and tipping load of 4400 lbs (2000 kg). The lift height is 125.4 inches (3185 mm) to hinge pin, and dump height is 100.5 inches (2555 mm).

Engine Troubleshooting

Engine starts up hard or will not start
Air in fuel system - Bleed fuel system.
Fuel filter plugging - Filter maintenance required.
Clogged or burnt injection nozzle - Replace injection nozzles.
Water or dirt in fuel system - Drain, flush, and service the system.
Valve out of adjustment - Correct valve clearance needs to be set.
Damaged fuel injection pump - Repair or install new pump.

Diesel starts but immediately stops
Air cleaner is clogged - Service or replace air cleaner.
Fuel filter plugged - Replace the filter element.
Poor fuel injection pump tightness - Look for any leaks of fuel pump, tighten it fast.
Fuel injectors are dirty or defective - Clean fuel injectors or change it.
Fuel injection pump is damaged - Rebuild or replace pump.

Diesel shuts off while driving
Engine is cold - Warm up to required temperature.
Fuel filter element clogging - Replace filter element.
There is air in the fuel system - Bleed the system.
Fuel injection nozzles are dirty or defective - Clean or change injection nozzles.
Incorrect adjustment of fuel injection pump timing - Adjust according to specifications.

Engine stalls while idle
Low idle speed setting is incorrect - Test and adjust.
Fuel injection pump is not operating properly - Install a new fuel pump or repair.
Defective fuel injectors - Replace fuel injectors.
Excessive valve clearance - Adjust valve clearance.

Engine power is too low
Air filter is dirty - Clean or replace element.
Fuel injection nozzles are damaged or dirty - If necessary, replace with a new nozzle.
Incorrect fuel injection pressure - Adjust pressure to proper level.
Valve out of adjustment - Have it adjusted.
Low idle speed setting is not correct - Correct the settings.
Fuel lines or hoses are clogged - Service fuel hoses and lines.
Worn cylinder head gasket - Change cylinder head gasket.
Defective or worn piston rings - Change piston rings.

Engine overheats
Low engine coolant - Add coolant and check the components of cooling system.
Lack of engine oil - Checking oil level and add if necessary.
Dirty radiator fins or defective radiator cap - Install new cap or clean radiator.
Fan belt slipping or worn - Install new fan belt.
Engine overloaded - Load reducing is recommended.

Insufficient oil pressure
Not enough oil in the engine - Fill up the engine oil.
Oil filter element clogging - Clean or change engine oil filter.
Different type of engine oil - Use oil of proper viscosity.
Incorrect oil clearance in main bearing - Bearing replacement required.
Oil pump malfunction - Replace as required.

Engine knocking or noise
Engine oil level is low - Checking oil level and add if necessary.
Engine has not warmed up to the recommended temperature - Warm up the engine.
Fuel injection pump timing is wrong - Set up as recommended.
Incorrect low idle speed adjustment - Test and adjust.
Damaged or clogged injectors - Replace fuel injectors.
Misaligned or faulty connecting rod - Connecting rod needs to be replaced or aligned.
Worn or broken pistons - Replace the pistons.

Drive System Troubleshooting

Machine will not move forward or backward
Hydraulic oil level is low - Check and refill the hydraulic oil.
Faulty drive chain - Inspect drive chain and replace faulty parts.
Faulty relief valve - Repair or replace relief valve.
Hydraulic filter or suction line is clogged - Service suction line or replace hydraulic filter.
Hand or foot controls malfunction - Repair or replace.
Worn drive motor or pump - Inspect and change as required.

Lack of power
Hydraulic oil filter is dirty - Replace or service hydraulic filter.
Relief valve is opened or defective - Close or change relief valve.
Faulty or worn transmission components - Check and change defective components.
Stuck input drive shaft - Change or repair faulty drive shaft.
Air trapped in hydraulic system - Bleed hydraulic system.

Drive system is overheated
Insufficient hydraulic fluid - Check and refill the hydraulic fluid.
Dirty hydraulic fluid filter - Check, clean, or replace as required.
Relief valve is defective - Repair or change.
Defective drive pump or hydraulic motor - Inspect and change as required.
Clogged hydraulic oil cooler - Cooling fins should be cleaned.
Overloaded drive system - Load should be reduced.

Excessive noise
Oil viscosity is too heavy - Drain and refill with correct oil.
Air leaks in hydraulic system - Bleed hydraulic system.
Worn hydraulic motor or drive pump - Repair or replace faulty component.
Worn or damaged mechanical parts of drive system - Inspect drive system and replace faulty components.

Hydraulics Troubleshooting

Hydraulic system is overheated
Hydraulic pressure is not adjusted correctly - Correct setting is required.
Main relief valve improper adjustment or failure - Adjust the valve or replace if necessary.
Hydraulic oil contamination - Hydraulic oil change required.
Not enough hydraulic fluid in the system - Need to add fluid.
Hydraulic pump is worn - Replace or repair pump if necessary.

Boom fails to lift or drop
Lift controls are defective - Check and repair as required.
Hydraulic pump malfunction - Repair or change pump if required.
Damaged hydraulic control valve - Repair or replace hydraulic valve.
Hydraulic cylinder is broken - Install a new boom cylinder or repair it.
Low hydraulic fluid level - Fill up the hydraulic fluid.

Bucket fails to tilt
Bucket controls are faulty - Check and repair as required.
Hydraulic pump is broken - Replace or repair pump if necessary.
Hydraulic control valve failure - Repair or replace hydraulic valve.
Faulty hydraulic bucket cylinder - Replace or repair cylinder.
Hydraulic oil level low - Fill the system to proper hydraulic oil level.

Boom or bucket is working slowly
Defective hydraulic pump - Flow-rate hydraulic pump and replace pump if necessary.
Leaking hydraulic cylinder - Replace cylinder piston seals.
Low hydraulic fluid level - Add fluid as required.
Damaged or incorrect adjusted hydraulic control valve - Set properly or repair.
Hydraulic pressure loss - Adjust it correctly.

Jerky operation of the bucket or boom
There is air in the hydraulic system - Bleed hydraulic system.
Hydraulic oil filter element clogging - Change or clean oil filter.
Hydraulic oil is contaminated - Hydraulic oil change required.
Cylinder tube or rod is scored - Change damaged component.

Hydraulic pump is noisy
Insufficient oil level or leaking hydraulic system - Top up hydraulic oil or remedy leakage in system.
Hydraulic filter clogging - Clean or install new filter.
Plugged suction line - Suction line must be serviced.
Air enters the pump - Need to bleed air.
Pump components are worn out - Change or rebuild pump.

Electrical Troubleshooting

Battery does not charge
Loose or corroded cable connections - Clean or tighten connections.
Battery terminal connectors are faulty - Terminal connectors should be replaced.
Battery is defective - Replace the battery.
Belt is loose or defective - Replace belt or adjust belt tension.

Starter turning slow
Low battery output voltage - Battery is drained, recharge it.
Battery is draining quickly - Service battery or change it.
Disconnected cables or faulty battery terminals - Check wiring connections and replace or clean terminals.

Starter will not work
Battery is low or faulty - Battery needs to be recharged or replaced.
Wire harness is disconnected or incorrectly connected - Check wire harness and connect as required.
Low battery capacity - Recharge the battery.
Starter motor failure - Starter should be replaced.