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New Holland L213 Troubleshooting

The New Holland L213 skid steer loader is powered by 133.8 cu.in (2.2L) Shibaura N844L four-cylinder vertical in-line water-cooled diesel engine with a rated power of 46 hp (34 kW) at 2800 rpm. The New Holland L213 is equipped with a radial-lift loader boom, 1-speed hydrostatic transmission, ASA 80 drive chains, and 10x16.5 standard tires. The hydraulic system has a pump with fluid flow rate of 15.6 gpm (59 lpm). The hydraulic pressure is 3045 psi (210 bar). The skid steer loader has a rated operating capacity of 1300 lbs (590 kg) and tipping load of 2600 lbs (1180 kg). The lift height is 112 inches (2845 mm) to hinge pin, and dump height is 88.4 inches (2245 mm).

Engine Troubleshooting

Engine starts hard or will not start
Air in the fuel lines - Bleed the fuel lines.
Fuel filter element is clogged - Replace filter element.
Fuel injection nozzles are faulty or clogged - Check and replace nozzles if required.
Water in the fuel system - Change fuel and repair fuel system.
Incorrect valve clearance - Adjustment procedure required.
Fuel injection pump is damaged - Replace or rebuild injection pump.

Engine starts but then stalls
Dirty air filter - Change or service air filter element.
Dirty fuel filter - Clean or change the filter.
Fuel injection pump has loose connections - Tighten the connections.
Clogged or defective injectors - Clean fuel injectors or change it.
Fuel injection pump damage - Rebuild or change fuel pump.

Engine shuts off while running
Engine is not preheated - Warm up engine as required.
Fuel filter plugging - Clean the filter or install new filter element.
Air trapped in fuel system - Bleed air.
Clogged or defective injection nozzles - Change fuel injection nozzles.
Fuel injection pump timing is wrong - Adjust as recommended.

Engine stops at low idle speed
Low idle speed setting is not correct - Adjust low idling as recommended.
Fuel injection pump is damaged - Replace or rebuild injection pump.
Dirty or defective injectors - Clean or replace fuel injectors.
Valve clearance is wrong - Adjust valve clearance according to specifications.

Engine power is too low
Plugged air filter - Clean or change.
Clogged or defective injection nozzles - If necessary, replace with a new nozzle.
Fuel injection pressure is incorrect - Correct the pressure settings.
Valve clearance is out of adjustment - Adjustment procedure required.
Wrong adjustment of low idle speed - Correct the settings.
Fuel lines or hoses are dirty - Clean fuel system hoses and lines.
Cylinder head gasket is blown - Gasket should be replaced.
Piston rings are leaking or defective - Change piston rings.

Engine overheating
Not enough coolant - Top up coolant fluid and check system for leaks.
Engine oil level is low - Fill up the engine oil.
Radiator fins are clogged or radiator cap is faulty - Clean radiator or install new cap.
Excessive wear of the fan belt - Belt change is required.
Engine is overloaded - Reduce engine load.

Oil pressure is low
Lack of oil - Fill crankcase to proper oil level.
Oil filter clogging - Service or replace engine oil filter.
Wrong oil viscosity - Drain and refill with oil of correct grade and viscosity.
Crankshaft bearing has incorrect oil clearance - Bearing needs to be changed.
Oil pump is worn or damaged - Repair or replace.

Engine knocking or noise
Lack of engine oil - Check oil level and add oil as required.
Engine has not warmed up to the recommended temperature - Warm up engine as required.
Timing of fuel injection pump is incorrect - Set the fuel pump timing correctly.
Low idle speed setting is incorrect - Correct low idle adjustment.
Fuel injectors are dirty or defective - Replace fuel injectors.
Connecting rod is not aligned or defective - Align or replace connecting rod.
Worn or broken pistons - Pistons need to be replaced.

Drive System Troubleshooting

Drive system doesn't function in one direction or either direction
Insufficient hydraulic oil - Fill the system to proper hydraulic oil level.
Drive chain is worn - Inspect drive chain and replace faulty parts.
Relief valve is worn or damaged - Relief valve need to be replaced or repair.
Clogged hydraulic filter or suction line - Check, clean, or change if necessary.
Damaged or worn hand or foot controls - Change or repair.
Drive motor or pump failure - Repair or replace faulty component.

Power is too low
Hydraulic oil filter is dirty - Check, clean, or replace as required.
Defective or open relief valve - Change or close relief valve.
Transmission parts are defective or worn - Inspect and change defective parts.
Worn input drive shaft - Replace drive shaft.
Hydraulic system is leaking air - Need to bleed air.

Drive system is overheated
Low hydraulic fluid level - Checking hydraulic fluid level and add if necessary.
Dirty hydraulic fluid filter - Change or service hydraulic filter.
Worn or damaged relief valve - Repair or replace.
Hydraulic motor or drive pump failure - Inspect and change as required.
Hydraulic oil cooler is dirty - Cooling fins should be cleaned.
Drive system overloaded continuously - Load should be reduced.

Drive system makes excessive noise
Oil viscosity is too heavy - Use proper oil viscosity.
Air in the hydraulic system - Bleed hydraulic system.
Damaged drive pump or hydraulic motor - Check and repair if required.
Worn or damaged mechanical parts of drive system - Check drive system and change faulty parts.

Hydraulics Troubleshooting

Hydraulic system is overheated
Hydraulic pressure is not adjusted correctly - Set pressure correctly.
Faulty or improperly adjusted main relief valve - Set up or change the relief valve.
Hydraulic fluid is contaminated - Fill up with fresh hydraulic fluid.
Lack of hydraulic fluid - Need to add fluid.
Hydraulic pump is faulty - Replace or repair pump if necessary.

Lift arm cannot be raised or lowered
Lift controls are defective - Replace or repair.
Hydraulic pump failure - Replace or repair pump if necessary.
Hydraulic control valve is faulty - Repair or change the valve.
Broken hydraulic cylinder - Install a new boom cylinder or repair it.
Low hydraulic fluid level - Add fluid as required.

Bucket tilt does not work
Defective bucket controls - Repair or change.
Hydraulic pump failure - Install new pump or repair it.
Hydraulic control valve is defective - Install a new hydraulic valve or repair it.
Bucket cylinder failure - Repair or change cylinder.
Hydraulic fluid is insufficient - Fill the system to proper hydraulic fluid level.

Boom or bucket runs slowly
Worn hydraulic oil pump - Flow-rate pump and change pump if necessary.
Oil leaks from hydraulic cylinder - Cylinder seals need to be replaced.
Low hydraulic oil level - Fill the system to proper hydraulic oil level.
Faulty or incorrect setting hydraulic control valve - Adjust properly or repair.
Hydraulic pressure is low - Adjust pressure as required.

Bucket or boom jerks when working
Air in the hydraulic system - Air bleeding is required.
Dirty hydraulic oil filter - Clean or change the filter.
Contaminated hydraulic oil - Fill up with fresh hydraulic oil.
Scratched cylinder rod or tube - Replace defective component.

Hydraulic pump is noisy
Hydraulic leaks or low oil level - Remedy hydraulic leakage or refill oil as necessary.
Clogged hydraulic filter - Service or replace hydraulic filter.
Suction line is clogged - Suction line needs to be cleaned.
Air in hydraulic pump - Air bleeding is required.
Pump parts are faulty - Change or rebuild pump.

Electrical Troubleshooting

Battery is not charging
Wiring connections are loose or corroded - Tighten or clean connections.
Battery terminal connectors are defective - Terminal connectors need to be changed.
Battery is worn - Battery change required.
Damaged or loose belt - Install a new belt or adjust belt tension.

Starter motor cranks slow
Low battery power - Charge the battery.
Battery is draining quickly - Service charging system or replace battery.
Corroded battery terminals or disconnected wires - Connect wires properly or change terminals.

Starter motor is not working
Battery is discharged or defective - Recharge or replace battery.
Battery wiring is disconnected or improperly connected - Inspect wiring and connect as required.
Low battery output voltage - Battery is drained, charge it.
Starter motor failing - Starter should be replaced.