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Case 1816 Troubleshooting

The Case 1816 skid steer loader is powered by 27.7 cubic inches (0.45L) Tecumseh HH160 four-cycle single-cylinder horizontal air-cooled gasoline engine with a rated power of 16 hp (11.9 kW) at 3600 rpm. The Case 1816 is equipped with a radial-lift loader boom, 1-speed hydrostatic transmission, 60H drive chains, and 5.90x15 standard tires. The hydraulic system has a pump with fluid flow rate of 8 gpm (30.3 lpm). The hydraulic pressure is 1200 psi (82.8 bar). The skid steer loader has a rated operating capacity of 500 lbs (227 kg) and tipping load of 1035 lbs (470 kg). The lift height is 96 inches (2440 mm) to hinge pin, and dump height is 74.5 inches (1890 mm).

Engine Troubleshooting

Engine hard to start or doesn't start
Fuel tank is empty - Fill gasoline up.
Wrong fuel grade - Change fuel.
Dirty fuel system - Check and clean.
Damaged spark plug wiring connection - Check spark plug wiring connection, repair or change.
Spark plug is faulty - Change spark plug.
Fuel filter is plugged - Fuel filter needs to be replaced.
Brake pedal not pushed down - Push the brake pedal down.
Carburetor incorrectly set - Set carb correctly.
Low compression - Check and replace worn parts.
Choke cable is unadjusted or damaged - Adjust properly or change the cable.

Unstable engine running
Clogged cooling fins - Wash or clean as required.
Defective ignition system - Test ignition and replace failed parts.
Stuck or defective choke cable - Service or change the cable.
Dirty air filter element - Replace or service air filter.
Dirty or defective fuel pump - Service or change fuel pump.

Engine starts but stalls immediately
Spark plug is faulty - Install new spark plug.
Dirty or defective carburetor - Clean or replace carburetor.
Ignition coil is not working - Ignition coil must be replaced.
Loose or worn valve springs - Replace valve springs.
Valves are stuck - Valves need to be cleaned.

Engine is overheated
Engine oil level is insufficient - Check and refill engine oil.
Engine is overloaded - Reduce the load.
Air intake screen is plugged - Wash or clean as required.
Carburetor is running lean - Adjust carburetor correctly.
Ignition timing is incorrect - Set the ignition timing correctly.
Valve setting is wrong - Adjust valves as required.

Engine knocking sound or abnormal noise
Low octane fuel - Change gasoline.
Engine is under excessive load - Load reducing is recommended.
Engine oil level low - Fill the crankcase with engine oil.
Wrong adjustment of low idle speed - Test and adjust.
Clogged or damaged fuel pump - Service or replace fuel pump.
Main bearings or crankshaft wear - Worn parts replacement required.
Incorrect valve clearance - Adjust valve clearance according to specifications.
Worn piston rings or cylinder bore - Replace faulty components.

Engine power is too low
Incorrectly adjusted or clogged carburetor - Service or correctly adjust carburetor.
Dirty air filter element - Replace or service air filter.
Dirty or faulty fuel pump - Clean or install new fuel pump.
Ignition failure - Inspect ignition system and change failed components.
Damaged cylinder-head gasket - Replace the gasket as required.
Stuck or burned valves - Replace or clean valves.
Damaged or worn push rod - Push rod needs to be changed.
Faulty cylinder block parts - Change defective parts.
Clogged oil filter (if equipped) - Service or change oil filter.

Engine using too much gasoline
Choke opening is not full - Replace or adjust choke cable.
Incorrect carburetor main jet adjustment - Adjust main jet as required.
Faulty or loose spark plug - Spark plug need to be tightened or replaced.
Burned, worn, or stuck valves - Replace or service valves.
Rings, sleeve, or piston are damaged - Replace defective parts.
Incorrect valve clearance - Need to adjust valve clearance.

High oil consumption
Seals or gaskets are defective - New components need to be installed.
Worn valve guides and valve stems - Need to replace the valves.
Piston rings are defective or worn - Have piston rings replaced.
Piston or cylinder liner is damaged - Check liner and piston, install new components as required.
Plugged breather pipe or hose - Clean or change.

Drive System Troubleshooting

Drive system doesn't function in one direction or either direction
Hydraulic oil level is low - Check and refill the hydraulic oil.
Drive chain failure - Inspect drive chain and replace faulty components.
Worn or defective relief valve - Repair or change.
Suction line or hydraulic filter is clogged - Check, clean, or replace if required.
Defective or worn foot or hand controls - Replace or repair.
Drive motor or pump failure - Check and repair if required.

Lack of power
Hydraulic oil filter is clogged - Change or clean hydraulic filter.
Faulty or opened relief valve - Close or replace relief valve.
Faulty or worn transmission components - Check and replace faulty components.
Damaged input drive shaft - Rebuild or change the shaft.
Air leaks in hydraulic system - Bleed hydraulic system.

Drive system keeps overheating
Hydraulic fluid is insufficient - Add fluid as required.
Hydraulic fluid filter is dirty - Change or clean hydraulic filter.
Relief valver is broken - Repair or change.
Hydraulic motor or drive pump failure - Replace or repair faulty component.
Oil cooler is clogged - Clean the cooling fins.
Drive system overload - Reduce loading.

Drive system is noisy
Incorrect oil viscosity - Use the specified type of oil.
Hydraulic system is leaking air - Bleed air from hydraulic system.
Worn hydraulic motor or drive pump - Replace or repair faulty component.
Mechanical parts of drive system are worn or damaged - Inspect the components for worn or defect and repair as required.

Hydraulics Troubleshooting

Hydraulic system has overheating
Hydraulic pressure is incorrect - Set pressure correctly.
Main relief valve is damaged or adjusted improperly - Set up or change the relief valve.
Dirty hydraulic oil - Fill up with fresh hydraulic oil.
Not enough hydraulic fluid in the system - Add fluid to the hydraulic system.
Hydraulic pump is defective - Change or repair hydraulic pump if required.

Boom won't lower or raise
Lift controls are defective - Repair or replace.
Hydraulic pump malfunction - Repair or replace pump if necessary.
Hydraulic control valve is defective - Replace or repair the valve.
Hydraulic cylinder is faulty - Repair or replace hydraulic cylinder.
Low hydraulic oil level - Check and refill the hydraulic oil.

Bucket can't tilt
Faulty bucket tilt controls - Replace or repair.
Damaged hydraulic oil pump - Repair or replace pump if necessary.
Hydraulic control valve failure - Repair or change the valve.
Bucket cylinder failure - Install a new cylinder or repair it.
Hydraulic fluid is insufficient - Fill up the hydraulic fluid.

Bucket or lift arm is working slowly
Hydraulic pump is faulty - Flow-rate pump and change pump if necessary.
Leaking hydraulic cylinder - Cylinder seals need to be replaced.
Insufficient hydraulic oil - Fill the system to proper hydraulic oil level.
Defective or not adjusted hydraulic control valve - Adjust properly or repair.
Hydraulic system loosing pressure - Set pressure correctly.

Jerky operation of the bucket or boom
Air leaks in hydraulic system - Need to bleed air.
Hydraulic oil filter is dirty - Change or clean oil filter.
Dirty hydraulic oil - The oil must be changed.
Scored cylinder tube or rod - Replace damaged component.

Excessive hydraulic pump noise
Hydraulic system leaking or not enough oil - Refill hydraulic oil or repair leaks in system.
Hydraulic filter is dirty - Clean or replace the filter.
Plugged suction line - Service the suction line.
Pump is sucking air - Air bleeding is required.
Worn pump components - Install new hydraulic pump or rebuild it.

Electrical Troubleshooting

Battery won’t charge
Loose or corroded cable connections - Clean or tighten connections.
Battery terminal connectors are defective - Terminal connectors should be replaced.
Battery is defective - Change the battery.
Belt is damaged or loose - Belt needs to be adjusted or replaced.

Starter turns slowly
Battery power is low - Battery is drained, recharge it.
Battery does not hold charge - Service charging system or replace battery.
Disconnected battery cables or bad terminals - Check cable connections and replace or service terminals.

Starter is not working
Battery is drained or defective - Battery needs to be recharged or replaced.
Battery wiring is disconnected or improperly connected - Inspect wiring and connect as required.
Battery power is low - Battery is drained, charge it.
Starter motor is defective - Starter should be changed.