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New Holland LX885 Troubleshooting

The New Holland LX885 skid steer loader driveline system components: New Holland 332T 3-cylinder turbocharged diesel engine with a rated power of 60 hp (44.5 kW), and 1-speed or 2-speed hydrostatic transmission. The hydraulic system has a pump with a rated capacity of 17.6 gal/min (66.7 l/min) or 31 gal/min (117.5 l/min). The system pressure is 2600 psi (176 bar). The New Holland LX885 is equipped with a radial-lift boom, ASA 100 drive chains, and 12x16.5 tires. The skid steer loader has a max lift height of 125.4" (3185 mm) to hinge pin and dump height of 100.5" (2555 mm). The rated operating capacity is 2200 lbs (998 kg), and tipping load is 4400 lbs (2000 kg).

Engine Troubleshooting

Engine starts hard or doesn't start
Air in fuel tank - Bleed fuel tank.
Clogged fuel filter - Change filter element.
Dirty or damaged injection nozzles - Install a new kit of correctly balanced nozzles.
Water or dirt in fuel system - Drain, flush, and service the system.
Excessive valve clearance - Adjust valve clearance.
Damaged fuel injection pump - Replace or repair injection pump.

Diesel starts but stalls immediately
Dirty air filter - Replace or clean air filter element.
Fuel filter element clogging - Change the filter element.
Fuel injection pump leakage - Check the fuel injection pump for leaks and fix it.
Clogged or defective injectors - Clean fuel injectors or change it.
Fuel injection pump malfunction - Replacement or repair required.

Engine shuts off suddenly while running
Engine is not preheated - Warm up engine as required.
Fuel filter element clogging - Clean the filter or install new filter element.
There is air in the fuel system - Bleed the system.
Damaged or dirty injection nozzles - Inspect nozzles and replace if necessary.
Fuel injection pump timing is wrong - Use the correct fuel injection pump timing adjustment.

Engine stops at low idle speed
Low idle speed setting is incorrect - Correct low idle adjustment.
Fuel injection pump damage - Install a new pump or rebuild.
Fuel injectors are faulty or clogged - Test and replace fuel injectors if necessary.
Incorrect valve clearance - Adjust valve clearance.

Engine power is insufficient
Dirty air filter - Clean or replace element.
Clogged injection nozzle - If necessary, replace with a new nozzle.
Fuel injection pressure is wrong - Adjust pressure to proper level.
Valve out of adjustment - Have it adjusted.
Low idle speed adjustment is incorrect - Adjust low idle speed.
Fuel lines or hoses are dirty - Fuel hoses and lines must be clean.
Cylinder-head gasket is broken - Replace the gasket as required.
Piston rings are defective or leaking - Replace piston rings.

Engine overheated
Engine has a lack of coolant - Refill to the correct level and inspect system for leaks.
Engine oil level low - Fill the crankcase with engine oil.
Clogged radiator fins or damaged radiator cap - Clean radiator or install new cap.
Fan belt slipping or worn - If necessary, replace the belt.
Diesel engine overloaded - Reduce engine load.

Insufficient oil pressure
Low oil level - Checking oil level and add if necessary.
Clogged oil filter element - Change or clean engine oil filter element.
Wrong oil viscosity - Use the specified type of engine oil.
Crankshaft bearing oil clearance is excessive - Replace bearings.
Oil pump is worn or damaged - Install a new pump.

Engine knocking sound or abnormal noise
Low engine oil level - Check and refill engine oil.
Engine is not fully warmed up - Normalize the temperature by warming up the engine.
Incorrect adjustment of fuel injection pump timing - Adjust according to specifications.
Too low idle RPM - Adjust as required.
Dirty or defective injectors - Inspect fuel injectors and change as required.
Misaligned or faulty connecting rod - Need to replace or align the connecting rod.
Scored or worn pistons - Replace the pistons as required.

Drive System Troubleshooting

Machine does not move forward or backward
Hydraulic oil level is low - Checking hydraulic oil level and add if necessary.
Drive chain malfunction - Check drive chain and change defective parts.
Relief valve failure - Repair or replace.
Plugged suction line or hydraulic filter - Check, clean, or change if necessary.
Worn or damaged foot or hand controls - Inspect and repair if necessary.
Drive motor or pump is defective - Inspect and change as required.

Reduced power
Plugged hydraulic oil filter - Change or clean hydraulic filter.
Opened or defective relief valve - Change or close relief valve.
Worn or defective transmission parts - Inspect and replace faulty parts.
Worn input drive shaft - Replace drive shaft.
Hydraulic system is leaking air - Air bleeding is required.

Overheated drive system
Insufficient hydraulic fluid - Fill up the hydraulic fluid.
Clogged hydraulic fluid filter - Change or clean hydraulic filter.
Relief valve is defective - Repair or replace relief valve.
Worn hydraulic motor or drive pump - Repair or change faulty component.
Clogged hydraulic oil cooler - Clean cooling fins as required.
Overloaded drive system - Reduce loading.

Excessive noise
Improper oil viscosity - Use oil of proper viscosity.
Air in hydraulic system - Bleed air from hydraulic system.
Hydraulic motor or drive pump is worn - Inspect and change as required.
Mechanical parts of drive system are defective or worn - Inspect drive system and replace faulty components.

Hydraulics Troubleshooting

Hydraulic system overheating
Hydraulic pressure is not correct - Correct setting is required.
Main relief valve improper adjustment or failure - Adjust or change relief valve.
Hydraulic fluid is contaminated - The fluid must be changed.
Hydraulic fluid level is insufficient - Add fluid to the hydraulic system.
Worn hydraulic oil pump - Repair or change pump if required.

Boom won't lower or raise
Lift controls malfunction - Replace or repair.
Damaged hydraulic oil pump - Repair or change pump if required.
Hydraulic control valve failure - Repair or replace the valve.
Faulty hydraulic cylinder - Repair or replace hydraulic cylinder.
Low hydraulic fluid level - Add fluid as required.

Bucket does not function
Bucket controls failure - Repair or replace.
Hydraulic pump malfunction - Repair or change pump if required.
Faulty hydraulic control valve - Change or repair hydraulic valve.
Bucket cylinder malfunction - Repair or replace cylinder.
Hydraulic oil is insufficient - Need to add oil.

Boom or bucket is working slowly
Hydraulic pump is worn - Check the pump capacity and replace pump if required.
Hydraulic cylinder leaking - Install new cylinder seals.
Hydraulic oil is insufficient - Checking hydraulic oil level and add if necessary.
Worn or unadjusted hydraulic control valve - Repair or set correctly.
Hydraulic pressure has dropped - Adjust pressure as required.

Lift arm or bucket movements are jerky
Hydraulic system is leaking air - Air bleeding is required.
Hydraulic oil filter element is dirty - Service or change the hydraulic filter.
Contaminated hydraulic oil - The oil must be changed.
Cylinder rod or tube is scuffed - Replace failed component.

Hydraulic pump is excessively noisy
Leaking hydraulic system or insufficient oil level - Add hydraulic oil or correct system leaks.
Clogged hydraulic filter - Service or replace hydraulic filter.
Plugged suction line - Need to clean the suction line.
Air enters the pump - Bleed air.
Faulty pump parts - Rebuild or change hydraulic pump.

Electrical Troubleshooting

Battery cannot be charged
Wiring connections are corroded or loose - Tighten or service cable connections.
Electrical terminal connectors are faulty - Terminal connectors need to be changed.
Faulty cell in battery - Use a new battery.
Belt is damaged or loose - Replace belt or adjust belt tension.

Starter motor cranks slow
Low battery power - Low battery charging, charge as required.
Battery does not hold charge - Service charging system or replace battery.
Terminals are faulty or battery cables are disconnected - Connect wiring properly or install new terminals.

Starter doesn't crank
Battery is low or faulty - Charge or change the battery.
Disconnected or incorrectly connected wires - Inspect battery wires and connect correctly.
Battery capacity is low - Battery is drained, recharge it.
Starter motor is damaged - Starter should be replaced.