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New Holland L216 Troubleshooting

The New Holland L216 skid steer loader driveline system components: a 135.2 cu.in (2.2L) Shibaura N844LT 4-cylinder turbocharged diesel engine with a rated power of 57 hp (42 kW), and single-speed hydrostatic transmission. The hydraulic system has a pump with a rated capacity of 18.4 gal/min (69.7 l/min). The system relief pressure is 3045 psi (210 bar). The New Holland L216 is equipped with a radial-lift boom, ASA 80 drive chains, and 10x16.5 tires. The skid steer loader has a max lift height of 112" (2845 mm) to hinge pin and dump height of 88.4" (2245 mm). The rated operating capacity is 1600 lbs (725 kg), and tipping load is 3200 lbs (1455 kg).

Engine Troubleshooting

Engine starts up hard or will not start
Air in the fuel lines - Bleed the fuel lines.
Dirty fuel filter - Filter maintenance required.
Damaged or dirty injection nozzles - Clean or replace injection nozzles.
Dirt or water in fuel system - Drain water or flush dirt from the system.
The valve clearance is not adjusted - Check and adjust as required.
Defective fuel injection pump - Rebuild or install a new injection pump.

Engine starts and stops suddenly
Dirty air cleaner - Clean or replace air cleaner element.
Fuel filter plugged - Replace filter element.
Problems with fuel injection pump tightness - Inspect fuel injection pump for leaks.
Defective or clogged fuel injectors - Replace fuel injectors.
Fuel injection pump is defective - Replace or repair injection pump.

Engine shuts off suddenly during operation
Engine not warmed up - Warm up the engine.
Fuel filter element is clogged - Replace the filter element.
Air trapped in fuel system - Bleed air.
Fuel injection nozzles are damaged - Check injection nozzles and replace if required.
Timing of fuel injection pump is incorrect - Set the fuel pump timing correctly.

Engine stalls when idling
Too low idle RPM - Adjust low idling as recommended.
Fuel injection pump is damaged - Replace injection pump or repair it.
Fuel injector fault - Replace fuel injectors.
Improper valve clearance - Adjust valve clearance.

Low engine power
Plugged air cleaner - Clean or change.
Dirty or faulty injection nozzles - Inspect nozzles and replace if necessary.
Incorrect fuel injection pressure - Test fuel injection pressure and adjust it correctly.
Excessive valve clearance - Check and adjust as required.
Incorrectly set low idle speed - Adjust low idling as recommended.
Dirt in the fuel hoses or lines - Clean fuel system lines and hoses.
Worn cylinder head gasket - Replace the gasket as required.
Piston rings are defective or leaking - Replace the piston rings as required.

Engine overheats
Engine has a lack of coolant - Fill the cooling system and check components for leaks or other faults.
Not enough engine oil - Check and refill engine oil.
Radiator core is dirty or radiator cap is damaged - Clean radiator or replace cap.
Fan belt is worn or faulty - Replace as required.
Diesel engine is overloaded - Load reducing required.

Oil pressure is insufficient
Engine oil insufficient - Fill up the engine oil.
Oil filter element clogging - Replace or clean engine oil filter element.
Wrong oil viscosity - Fill up with the proper oil viscosity.
Excessive crankshaft bearing oil clearance - Change bearings.
Worn oil pump - Replace as required.

Engine knocks or noises
Not enough engine oil - Fill up the oil to required level.
Engine is not fully warmed up - Warm up to required temperature.
Timing of fuel injection pump is incorrect - Adjust the pump as required.
Incorrect low idle speed adjustment - Adjust as required.
Fuel injector fault - Clean or replace fuel injectors.
Connecting rod is misaligned or worn - Replace or align connecting rod.
Broken or worn pistons - Replace the pistons.

Drive System Troubleshooting

Drive system won't work in one direction or either direction
Hydraulic oil is insufficient - Check and refill the hydraulic oil.
Worn drive chain - Inspect drive chain and replace defective components.
Relief valver is broken - Change or repair defective relief valve.
Dirty hydraulic filter or suction line - Clean suction line or change hydraulic filter.
Faulty hand or foot controls - Check and repair as required.
Drive pump or motor is damaged - Change or repair faulty component.

Loss of power
Hydraulic oil filter is dirty - Change or service hydraulic filter.
Worn or open relief valve - Close or replace relief valve.
Transmission parts are faulty or damaged - Check and change faulty components.
Input drive shaft malfunction - Faulty drive shaft need to be replaced or repair.
Air in the hydraulic system - Bleed air from system.

Drive system keeps overheating
Low hydraulic fluid level - Fill up the hydraulic fluid.
Hydraulic fluid filter is clogged - Change or service hydraulic filter.
Relief valve malfunction - Service or change relief valve.
Drive pump or hydraulic motor malfunction - Change or repair faulty component.
Plugged hydraulic oil cooler - Cooling fins should be cleaned.
Transmission overloading - Reduce drive system load.

Drive system makes excessive noise
Incorrect oil viscosity - Use proper oil viscosity.
Hydraulic system is leaking air - Need to bleed air.
Worn hydraulic motor or drive pump - Repair or change faulty component.
Worn or defective mechanical parts of drive system - Check the parts for worn or defect and replace if required.

Hydraulics Troubleshooting

Hydraulic system overheated
Incorrect hydraulic pressure setting - Adjust pressure as required.
Misadjusted or defective main relief valve - Adjust the valve or replace if necessary.
Hydraulic oil contamination - Change hydraulic oil.
Hydraulic fluid level is low - Check and refill the hydraulic fluid.
Faulty hydraulic oil pump - Repair or install new hydraulic pump.

Lift arm does not lower or raise
Faulty lift controls - Replace or repair.
Hydraulic pump is broken - Change or repair hydraulic pump if required.
Damaged hydraulic control valve - Repair or change hydraulic valve.
Broken hydraulic cylinder - Repair or install a new lift cylinder.
Low hydraulic fluid level - Checking hydraulic fluid level and add if necessary.

Bucket can't tilt
Bucket tilt controls malfunction - Check and repair as required.
Hydraulic pump malfunction - Change or repair hydraulic pump if required.
Hydraulic control valve failure - Change or repair hydraulic valve.
Faulty hydraulic bucket cylinder - Repair or change cylinder.
Insufficient hydraulic fluid - Fill up the hydraulic fluid.

Boom or bucket is moving slowly
Hydraulic pump is faulty - Test pump flow rate and replace pump if required.
Hydraulic cylinder leaking - Install new cylinder seals.
Low hydraulic fluid level - Fill up the hydraulic fluid.
Hydraulic control valve is defective or set improper - Set correctly or repair.
Hydraulic pressure is low - Adjust it correctly.

Lift arm or bucket movements are jerky
Air leaks in hydraulic system - Bleed air from system.
Dirty hydraulic oil filter element - Service or change the hydraulic filter.
Hydraulic oil is contaminated - Fill up with fresh hydraulic oil.
Scratched cylinder rod or tube - Replace defective component.

Excessive hydraulic pump noise
Hydraulic leakage or low oil level - Repair hydraulic leaks or add oil as required.
Hydraulic filter clogging - Clean or replace the filter.
Dirty suction line - Need to service the suction line.
Pump is sucking air - Air bleeding is required.
Damaged pump components - Rebuild or change hydraulic pump.

Electrical Troubleshooting

Battery does not charge
Corroded or loose electrical wire connections - Clean or tighten connections.
Faulty battery terminal connectors - Change terminal connectors.
Faulty cell in battery - Replace the battery.
Defective or loose belt - Adjust belt tension or install a new belt.

Starter turns slowly
Low battery output - Battery is drained, charge it.
Battery does not hold charge - Service battery or change it.
Bad terminals or disconnected battery cables - Connect wires correctly or change terminals.

Starter will not crank
Battery is low or faulty - Battery needs to be recharged or replaced.
Wire harness is disconnected or incorrectly connected - Check wire harness and connect as required.
Battery power is low - Recharge the battery.
Starter motor is defective - Starter needs to be replaced.