Home / Skid Steer Loaders / Case Skid Steer Loaders / Case 1845

Case 1845 Troubleshooting

The Case 1845 skid steer loader driveline system components: Case 188D 4-cylinder diesel engine with a rated power of 49 hp (36.5 kW) or Case 159G 4-cylinder gasoline engine with a rated power of 49 hp (36.5 kW), and 1-speed hydro transmission. The hydraulic system has a pump with a rated capacity of 16.8 gal/min (63.6 l/min). The system pressure is 2250 psi (155 bar). The Case 1845 is equipped with a reduction final drive, 80HT roller chains, and 7.5x16 or 12x16.5 tires. The loader has a boom lifting force of 3120 lbs (1415 kg) and bucket breakout force of 3250 lbs (1475 kg). The rated operating capacity is 1700 lbs (770 kg), and tipping load is 3120 lbs (1325 kg).

Engine Troubleshooting

Engine hard to start or doesn't start
There is air in the fuel system - Bleed the system.
Fuel filter element is dirty - Filter maintenance required.
Defective or clogged injection nozzle - Service or change injection nozzles.
Dirt or water in fuel system - Drain water or flush dirt from the system.
Valve clearance is not correct - Need to adjust valve clearance.
Fuel injection pump is damaged - Replace or rebuild injection pump.

Diesel starts but immediately stops
Air filter is plugged - Install new air filter element.
Fuel filter plugged - Service or replace the filter.
Fuel injection pump leakage - Check the fuel injection pump for leaks and fix it.
Fuel injectors are dirty or defective - Inspect fuel injectors and change as required.
Damaged fuel injection pump - Rebuild or replace pump.

Engine shuts off suddenly while running
Low coolant temperature - Warm up to required temperature.
Fuel filter is plugged - Service or replace the filter.
There is air in the fuel system - Bleed the system.
Dirty or damaged injection nozzles - Inspect nozzles and replace if necessary.
Fuel injection pump timing is wrong - Check the fuel injection pump timing adjustment.

Engine stalls while idling
Low idle speed setting is incorrect - Correct low idle adjustment.
Fuel injection pump damage - Repair or install new pump.
Clogged or defective injectors - Clean or replace fuel injectors.
Valve clearance is not correct - Correct valve clearance.

Low engine power
Air cleaner is clogged - Clean or change cleaner.
Dirty or damaged injection nozzles - Service or change injection nozzles.
Fuel injection pressure is incorrect - Adjust to proper pressure.
Valve clearance is wrong - Correct valve clearance.
Incorrect low idle speed adjustment - Need to adjust idle speed.
Dirt in the fuel lines or hoses - Clean fuel system hoses and lines.
Defective cylinder head gasket - Cylinder-head gasket replacement required.
Piston rings are defective or leaking - Piston rings replacement required.

Engine overheated
Low coolant level - Add coolant fluid and inspect the cooling system for leaks.
Lack of engine oil - Need to add engine oil.
Radiator core is dirty or radiator cap is damaged - Clean radiator or replace cap.
Excessive wear of the fan belt - Replace the fan belt.
Diesel engine overloaded - Reduce load on the engine.

Oil pressure is insufficient
Engine oil level low - Check and refill the oil.
Plugged engine oil filter - Clean or change engine oil filter.
Oil grade or viscosity is incorrect - Fill up with the proper oil viscosity.
Incorrect oil clearance in main bearing - Install new bearings.
Oil pump malfunction - Repair or replace.

Abnormal engine noise or knocking
Not enough engine oil - Add oil to the engine crankcase.
Engine has not warmed up to recommended temperature - Warm up the engine.
Improper setting of fuel injection pump timing - Set the fuel pump timing correctly.
Low idle speed adjustment is incorrect - Adjust the low idle speed.
Fuel injectors are dirty or defective - Inspect fuel injectors and change as required.
Faulty or misaligned connecting rod - Replace or align connecting rod.
Piston wear or scoring - Pistons replacement required.

Drive System Troubleshooting

Drive system doesn't function in one direction or either direction
Low hydraulic fluid level - Fill up the hydraulic fluid.
Drive chain is worn - Check drive chain and change defective components.
Input drive shaft is worn - Rebuild or change.
Relief valve is worn or damaged - Change or repair defective relief valve.
Hydraulic filter or suction line is dirty - Service suction line or replace hydraulic filter.
Damaged or worn hand or foot controls - Repair or replace.
Damaged drive pump or motor - Inspect and replace as necessary.

Power is too low
Hydraulic oil filter is dirty - Check, clean, or replace as required.
Opened or worn relief valve - Close or change relief valve.
Faulty or worn transmission components - Inspect and replace faulty parts.
Input drive shaft is stuck - Faulty drive shaft need to be replaced or repair.
Air in the hydraulic system - Bleed hydraulic system.

Drive system overheats
Low hydraulic fluid level - Checking hydraulic fluid level and add if necessary.
Hydraulic fluid filter is plugged - Change or clean hydraulic filter.
Worn or damaged relief valve - Repair or replace relief valve.
Drive pump or hydraulic motor is damaged - Check and repair if required.
Clogged hydraulic oil cooler - Clean the cooling fins.
Drive system is overloaded - Reduce drive system load.

Drive system makes excessive noise
Oil viscosity is wrong - Use oil of correct viscosity.
Air in the hydraulic system - Air bleeding is required.
Worn hydraulic motor or drive pump - Check and repair if required.
Worn or damaged mechanical parts of drive system - Check the components for worn or defect and replace if necessary.

Hydraulics Troubleshooting

Hydraulic system overheats
Hydraulic pressure is not adjusted correctly - Correct adjustment is required.
Main relief valve failure or improper setting - Adjust relief valve or change if required.
Dirty hydraulic fluid - Fill up with fresh hydraulic fluid.
Lack of hydraulic fluid - Need to add fluid.
Defective hydraulic pump - Install new pump or repair it.

Boom can't lift or drop
Lift controls are defective - Replace or repair.
Defective hydraulic pump - Repair or replace pump if necessary.
Faulty hydraulic control valve - Install a new hydraulic valve or repair it.
Damaged hydraulic cylinder - Repair or install a new lift cylinder.
Hydraulic fluid is insufficient - Fill the system to proper hydraulic fluid level.

Bucket fails to tilt
Defective bucket controls - Repair or change.
Damaged hydraulic oil pump - Repair or install new hydraulic pump.
Damaged hydraulic control valve - Replace or repair the valve.
Hydraulic bucket cylinder not working - Repair or install a new cylinder.
Hydraulic fluid is insufficient - Checking hydraulic fluid level and add if necessary.

Slow boom or bucket operation
Hydraulic pump is defective - Test pump performance and replace pump if necessary.
Oil leaks from hydraulic cylinder - Replace cylinder piston seals.
Insufficient hydraulic oil - Need to add oil.
Defective or not adjusted hydraulic control valve - Repair or set properly.
Hydraulic pressure loss - Adjust pressure as required.

Lift arm or bucket jerks when working
Air in hydraulic system - Bleed air from hydraulic system.
Clogged hydraulic oil filter element - Clean or replace the filter.
Dirty hydraulic oil - Change hydraulic oil.
Cylinder rod or tube is scratched - Change defective component.

Excessive hydraulic pump noise
Lack of oil or hydraulic leakage - Repair hydraulic leaks or add oil as required.
Plugged hydraulic filter - Change or clean oil filter.
Suction line is clogged - Need to service the suction line.
Air trapped in hydraulic pump - Need to bleed air.
Pump parts are damaged - Rebuild or replace hydraulic pump.

Electrical Troubleshooting

Battery is not charging
Loose or corroded cable connections - Clean or tighten wiring connections.
Faulty battery terminal clamps - Terminal clamps should be changed.
Bad cell in battery - Replace the battery.
Loose or worn belt - Adjust belt tension or change the belt.

Starter motor turns slow
Battery voltage is low - Low battery charging, charge as required.
Battery won’t hold charge - Service charging system or change battery.
Battery terminals are corroded or wires are disconnected - Check wiring and clean or replace terminals.

Starter will not crank
Battery is low or faulty - Recharge or replace battery.
Disconnected or improperly connected wiring harness - Inspect battery wiring harness and connect as required.
Low battery voltage - Battery needs to be recharged.
Starter motor failure - Starter needs to be changed.