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Case TR310 Troubleshooting

The Case TR310 compact track loader is powered by 207 cu.in (3.4L) FPT F5H FL463 vertical 4-cylinder turbocharged aftercooled diesel engine with a rated power of 74 hp (55 kW). The Case TR310 is equipped with a hydrostatic transmission, planetary gearbox with 2-speed motor, radial-lift boom, and 15.7" (400 mm) rubber tracks with steel inserts. The hydraulic system has a pump with fluid flow rate of 24.2 gpm (91.5 lpm). The hydraulic pressure is 3050 psi (210 bar). The track loader has a rated operating capacity of 2170 lbs (984 kg) and tipping load of 6200 lbs (2812 kg). The boom lifting force is 6440 lbs (2925 kg), and bucket breakout force is 8680 lbs (3945 kg).

Engine Troubleshooting

Engine hard to start or doesn't start
Air in the fuel pipes - Bleed the fuel pipes.
Fuel filter element is clogged - Clean or replace the filter.
Clogged or defective injection nozzles - Inspect nozzles and replace if necessary.
Water in the fuel system - Change fuel and repair fuel system.
Excessive valve clearance - Need to adjust valve clearance.
Fuel injection pump is faulty - Repair or change injection pump.

Diesel starts and stalls immediately
Dirty air filter - Service or replace the air filter.
Clogged fuel filter - Replace the filter element.
Problems with fuel injection pump tightness - Inspect fuel injection pump for leaks.
Defective or clogged fuel injectors - Change or clean fuel injectors.
Fuel injection pump damage - Replace or rebuild injection pump.

Engine stalls after running
Engine not warmed up - Normalize the temperature by warming up the engine.
Fuel filter element is clogged - Clean the filter or install new filter element.
Air in fuel system - Bleed fuel system.
Clogged or burnt injection nozzle - Replace injection nozzles.
Improper fuel injection timing - Adjust fuel injection pump as required.

Engine stalls while idling
Too low idle RPM - Normalize low idle speed.
Fuel injection pump is defective - Rebuild or install a new injection pump.
Fuel injectors are faulty or clogged - Replace fuel injectors.
Excessive valve clearance - Adjust valve clearance.

Diesel engine is losing power
Clogged air filter - Install new air filter element.
Fuel injection nozzles are clogged or faulty - Service or change injection nozzles.
Incorrect fuel injection pressure - Adjust pressure to proper level.
Valve clearance is out of adjustment - Adjust valve clearance.
Incorrect low idle setting - Adjustment required.
Restricted fuel hoses or lines - Clean fuel system lines and hoses.
Cylinder-head gasket is leaking - Replace cylinder head gasket.
Leaking or damaged piston rings - Piston rings replacement required.

Engine overheating
Lack of engine coolant - Top up coolant fluid and check system for leaks.
Engine oil level is insufficient - Need to add engine oil.
Dirty radiator fins or defective radiator cap - Clean radiator or install new cap.
Broken or loose fan belt - Belt replacement is recommended.
Diesel engine overloaded - Load reducing is recommended.

Insufficient oil pressure
Oil level is insufficient - Fill the crankcase with oil.
Oil filter clogged - Clean or change engine oil filter.
Incorrect engine oil Use proper viscosity oil.
Excessive main bearing oil clearance - Replace bearings.
Oil pump malfunction - Check and replace if necessary.

Engine knocking sound or abnormal noise
Insufficient engine oil - Fill the crankcase with engine oil.
Coolant temperature is low - Warm up to required temperature.
Wrong setting of fuel injection pump timing - Check the fuel injection pump timing adjustment.
Low idle speed adjustment is incorrect - Test and adjust.
Fuel injectors are dirty or defective - Replace or clean fuel injectors.
Connecting rod is misaligned or worn - Align or replace connecting rod.
Scored or worn pistons - Install new pistons.

Drive System Troubleshooting

Drive system сan't work in either direction
Insufficient hydraulic oil - Need to add oil.
Damaged or jammed undercarriage tracks - Remove jamming or repair tracks.
Relief valve is not working correctly - Repair or replace.
Plugged suction line or hydraulic filter - Replace hydraulic filter or clean suction line.
Worn or damaged foot or hand controls - Replace or repair.
Damaged drive pump or motor - Check and repair if required.

Machine does not drive straight or drives jerky
Damaged or jammed track mechanism - Repair or remedy jamming.
Tracks are sagging or worn - Adjust track sag with tensioning or replace tracks.
Track frame is clogged with debris, dirt, or foreign objects - Remove debris or foreign objects and clean track frame.

Power is too low
Dirty hydraulic oil filter - Change hydraulic filter.
Open or damaged relief valve - Close or change relief valve.
Faulty or damaged transmission components - Check and change defective components.
Input drive shaft malfunction - Replace or service the drive shaft.
Air in hydraulic system - Air bleeding is required.

Drive system overheating
Low hydraulic fluid level - Checking hydraulic fluid level and add if necessary.
Plugged hydraulic fluid filter - Change or service hydraulic filter.
Worn or damaged relief valve - Repair or replace.
Hydraulic motor or drive pump is worn - Replace or repair faulty component.
Hydraulic oil cooler is dirty - Clean cooling fins as required.
Drive system overloaded continuously - Reduce the load.

Excessive noise
Oil viscosity is wrong - Drain and refill with proper oil.
Air in the hydraulic system - Bleed air from system.
Hydraulic motor or drive pump is worn - Replace or repair faulty component.
Mechanical components of drive system are damaged or worn - Inspect drive system and replace faulty parts.

Hydraulics Troubleshooting

Hydraulic system is overheated
Incorrect hydraulic pressure setting - Adjust pressure as required.
Misadjusted or defective main relief valve - Adjust the valve or replace if necessary.
Contaminated hydraulic oil - The oil must be changed.
Hydraulic fluid level is low - Need to add fluid.
Hydraulic pump is defective - Install new pump or repair it.

Boom fails to lift or drop
Lift controls are defective - Replace or repair.
Damaged hydraulic oil pump - Repair or install new hydraulic pump.
Hydraulic control valve failure - Repair or replace hydraulic valve.
Broken hydraulic cylinder - Repair or change hydraulic cylinder.
Low hydraulic fluid level - Checking hydraulic fluid level and add if necessary.

Bucket fails to tilt
Bucket controls are faulty - Replace or repair.
Defective hydraulic pump - Repair or change pump if required.
Hydraulic control valve failure - Install a new hydraulic valve or repair it.
Broken bucket cylinder - Repair or change cylinder.
Low hydraulic fluid level - Checking hydraulic fluid level and add if necessary.

Bucket or lift arm functions slowly
Hydraulic pump is defective - Test pump performance and replace pump if necessary.
Hydraulic cylinder oil leakage - Correct leakage by changing the seals.
Hydraulic oil level low - Fill the system to proper hydraulic oil level.
Hydraulic control valve is unadjusted or worn - Repair or adjust properly.
Low hydraulic pressure - Adjust pressure as required.

Lift arm or bucket is jerky
Air leaks in hydraulic system - Bleed air from system.
Hydraulic oil filter is clogged - Clean or install new filter.
Dirty hydraulic fluid - Change hydraulic fluid.
Cylinder rod or tube is scratched - Change damaged component.

Hydraulic pump is noisy
Low oil level or hydraulic leaks - Refill hydraulic oil or repair leaks in system.
Plugged hydraulic filter - Clean or replace the filter.
Plugged suction line - Service the suction line.
Air enters the pump - Air bleeding is required.
Worn pump parts - Install new hydraulic pump or rebuild it.

Electrical Troubleshooting

Battery is not charging
Loose or corroded electrical wiring connections - Clean or tighten connections.
Electrical terminal connectors are faulty - Terminal connectors need to be changed.
Battery failing - Battery change required.
Belt is damaged or loose - Adjust belt tension or change the belt.

Starter turns slow
Low battery voltage - Charge the battery.
Battery won’t hold charge - Service battery or replace it.
Disconnected battery cables or bad terminals - Check wiring and clean or replace terminals.

Starter does not work
Battery is discharged or defective - Charge or change the battery.
Battery cables are disconnected or incorrectly connected - Check cables and connect as needed.
Low battery capacity - Battery is drained, recharge it.
Starter motor failing - Change or repair starter.