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Case TR270 Troubleshooting

The Case TR270 compact track loader driveline system components: a 207 cu.in (3.4L) FPT F5H FL463 4-cylinder turbocharged diesel engine with a rated power of 74 hp (55 kW) and hydrostatic transmission. The hydraulic system has a pump with a rated flow of 24.2 gpm (91.5 lpm). The system pressure is 3050 psi (210 bar). The Case TR270 is equipped with a planetary gearbox with 2-speed motor, 12.6" (320 mm) rubber tracks with steel inserts, and radial-lift loader boom. The loader has a boom lift force of 6260 lbs (2845 kg) and bucket breakout force of 7270 lbs (3305 kg). The rated operating capacity is 1890 lbs (860 kg), and tipping load is 5400 lbs (2450 kg).

Engine Troubleshooting

Engine starts up hard or will not start
Air in fuel tank - Bleed fuel tank.
Clogged fuel filter - Clean the filter element.
Damaged or dirty injection nozzles - Service or change injection nozzles.
Dirt or water in fuel system - Drain water or flush dirt from the system.
Incorrect valve clearance - Adjust to proper valve clearance.
Fuel injection pump is not working correctly - Replace or rebuild injection pump.

Engine starts but stalls immediately
Plugged air filter - Clean or change filter.
Fuel filter plugged - Install new filter element.
Fuel injection pump has loose connections - Tighten the connections.
Fuel injectors are faulty or clogged - Clean or replace fuel injectors.
Damaged fuel injection pump - Replacement or repair required.

Engine stalls during operation
Engine not warmed up - Normalize the temperature by warming up the engine.
Fuel filter plugging - Clean or replace the filter.
There is air in the fuel system - Bleed the system.
Dirty or damaged injection nozzles - Check injection nozzles and replace if required.
Wrong setting of fuel injection pump timing - Set the fuel pump timing correctly.

Engine stops while idle
Incorrectly set low idle speed - Correct the settings.
Fuel injection pump is broken - Rebuild or replace pump.
Fuel injector fault - Clean or replace fuel injectors.
Improper valve clearance - Adjust to proper valve clearance.

Engine loses power
Plugged air filter - Replace or clean air filter element.
Fuel injection nozzles are damaged - Check and replace nozzles if required.
Improper fuel injection pressure - Adjust pressure to proper level.
Valve out of adjustment - Adjustment procedure required.
Low idle speed setting is incorrect - Adjust the low idle speed.
Clogged fuel lines or hoses - Clean fuel hoses and lines.
Blown cylinder head gasket - Install a new gasket.
Piston rings are leaking or defective - Change piston rings.

Engine overheated
Lack of coolant in cooling system - Add coolant fluid to cooling system and also check it for leaks.
Low engine oil level - Check and refill engine oil.
Radiator fins are clogged or radiator cap is faulty - Clean radiator or change cap.
Fan belt is worn or faulty - Change as required.
Diesel engine is overloaded - Load reducing required.

Insufficient oil pressure
Not enough oil in the engine - Fill up the engine oil.
Oil filter is dirty - Service or change engine oil filter element.
Oil grade or viscosity is wrong - Fill up with the proper oil viscosity.
Crankshaft bearing has excessive oil clearance - Bearing needs to be changed.
Oil pump failure - Repair or replace.

Abnormal engine knocking or noise
Engine oil level is insufficient - Check and refill engine oil.
Low coolant temperature - Warm up the engine.
Fuel injection pump timing is not adjusted - Adjust according to specifications.
Improperly adjusted low idle speed - Need to adjust idle speed.
Fuel injectors are dirty or defective - Replace or clean fuel injectors.
Connecting rod is defective or not aligned - Connecting rod needs to be replaced or aligned.
Pistons are broken or worn - Pistons need to be replaced.

Drive System Troubleshooting

Drive system сan't work in either direction
Low hydraulic oil level - Checking hydraulic oil level and add if necessary.
Track mechanism is jammed or defective - Repair or remedy jamming.
Relief valve failure - Relief valve need to be replaced or repair.
Suction line or hydraulic filter is plugged - Check, clean, or replace if required.
Foot or hand controls are defective - Change or repair.
Drive motor or pump is defective - Check and repair if required.

Machine does not move straight or moves jerky
Damaged or jammed track mechanism - Repair or remove jamming.
Tracks are sagging or worn - Repair tracks or correct track sag with tension.
Track frame is blocked with debris, dirt, or foreign objects - Remove foreign objects or debris and clean undercarriage track frame.

Power is too low
Hydraulic oil filter is clogged - Change or clean hydraulic filter.
Defective or open relief valve - Change or close relief valve.
Worn or faulty transmission components - Check and replace faulty components.
Input drive shaft failure - Change or repair faulty drive shaft.
Hydraulic system is leaking air - Bleed hydraulic system.

Drive system overheating
Insufficient hydraulic fluid - Checking hydraulic fluid level and add if necessary.
Hydraulic fluid filter is dirty - Replace hydraulic filter.
Relief valve is damaged or worn - Change or repair defective relief valve.
Hydraulic motor or drive pump is worn - Inspect and change as required.
Dirty oil cooler - Cooling fins should be cleaned.
Transmission overloading - Reduce the load.

Drive system makes excessive noise
Incorrect oil viscosity - Use oil of correct viscosity.
Hydraulic system is leaking air - Need to bleed air.
Defective drive pump or hydraulic motor - Repair or change faulty component.
Defective or worn mechanical parts of drive system - Inspect the parts for worn or defect and repair as needed.

Hydraulics Troubleshooting

Hydraulic system overheating
Hydraulic pressure is not correct - Adjust pressure as required.
Faulty or improperly adjusted main relief valve - Adjust or change relief valve.
Hydraulic oil is contaminated - Fill up with fresh hydraulic oil.
Hydraulic fluid level is low - Need to add fluid.
Hydraulic pump is defective - Repair or replace pump if necessary.

Lift arm cannot be raised or lowered
Lift controls are damaged - Change or repair.
Hydraulic pump failure - Repair or replace pump if necessary.
Faulty hydraulic control valve - Repair or change the valve.
Damaged hydraulic cylinder - Repair or replace hydraulic cylinder.
Low hydraulic oil level - Fill the system to proper hydraulic oil level.

Bucket can't tilt
Bucket controls are faulty - Repair or replace.
Hydraulic pump not working - Replace or repair pump if necessary.
Damaged hydraulic control valve - Replace or repair the valve.
Hydraulic bucket cylinder not working - Replace or repair cylinder.
Low hydraulic fluid level - Checking hydraulic fluid level and add if necessary.

Slow bucket or lift arm action
Defective hydraulic pump - Test the pump flow rate and install new pump if required.
Oil leaks from hydraulic cylinder - Repair leak by replacing the seals.
Low hydraulic fluid level - Fill up the hydraulic fluid.
Worn or unadjusted hydraulic control valve - Adjust properly or repair.
Hydraulic pressure is low - Correct setting is required.

Jerky operation of the bucket or boom
Air in hydraulic system - Need to bleed air.
Hydraulic oil filter element is clogged - Change or clean oil filter.
Hydraulic oil is contaminated - The oil must be changed.
Cylinder rod or tube is scuffed - Change failed component.

Hydraulic pump makes excessive noise
Lack of oil or hydraulic leakage - Add hydraulic oil or correct system leaks.
Clogged hydraulic filter - Change or clean oil filter.
Plugged suction line - Service the suction line.
Pump is sucking air - Remove air from hydraulics.
Worn pump parts - Rebuild or install new pump.

Electrical Troubleshooting

Battery does not charge
Corroded or loose cable connections - Clean or tighten wiring connections.
Battery terminal clamps are defective - Install new terminal clamps.
Battery is defective - Install a new battery.
Defective or loose belt - Adjust belt tension or replace belt.

Starter turns slowly
Low battery voltage - Battery is drained, recharge it.
Battery discharges quickly - Service or replace the battery.
Bad terminals or disconnected battery cables - Check cables and service or change terminals.

Starter will not crank
Battery is low or faulty - Recharge or change battery.
Wiring is improperly connected or disconnected - Check wiring and connect properly.
Low battery voltage - Battery needs to be recharged.
Starter motor failure - Repair or install a new starter.