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Case 440CT Troubleshooting

The Case 440CT Series 3 compact track loader driveline system components: a 274 cu.in (4.5L) Case 445T/M3 4-cylinder turbocharged diesel engine with a rated power of 90 hp (674 kW) and 2-speed hydro transmission. The hydraulic system has a pump with a rated flow of 21.9 gpm (83 lpm). The system pressure is 3050 psi (210 bar). The Case 440CT is equipped with a radial piston drive motors, single planetary reduction, and 15.7" (400 mm) rubber tracks with steel inserts. The loader has a max lift height of 121.5" (3090 mm) to hinge pin and dump height of 96.6" (2450 mm). The rated operating capacity is 2100 lbs (952 kg), and tipping load is 6000 lbs (2720 kg).

Engine Troubleshooting

Engine difficult to start or will not start
Air in fuel system - Bleed fuel system.
Fuel filter element is clogged - Change filter element.
Dirty or faulty injection nozzles - Check injection nozzles and replace if required.
Water or dirt in fuel system - Drain, flush, and service the system.
The valve clearance is incorrect - Adjust valve clearance.
Defective fuel injection pump - Rebuild or install a new injection pump.

Diesel starts but immediately shuts off
Air filter is dirty - Clean or replace element.
Fuel filter plugging - Clean or replace the filter.
Fuel injection pump is leaking - Repair any leaks.
Clogged or defective injectors - Clean fuel injectors or change it.
Fuel injection pump is faulty - Replace or rebuild injection pump.

Engine stops suddenly during operation
Engine is not fully warmed up - Warm up engine as required.
Fuel filter element is dirty - Service or replace the filter.
Air in fuel tank - Bleed fuel tank.
Fuel injection nozzles fault - Service or change injection nozzles.
Fuel injection pump timing is not adjusted - Set up as recommended.

Engine stalls while idling
Too low idle RPM - Need to adjust idle speed.
Fuel injection pump is faulty - Replace or rebuild injection pump.
Dirty or defective injectors - Test and replace fuel injectors if necessary.
Valve out of adjustment - Adjust valve clearance according to specifications.

Diesel engine is losing power
Clogged air cleaner - Clean or replace element.
Fuel injection nozzles fault - Check injection nozzles and replace if required.
Incorrect fuel injection pressure - Adjust to proper pressure.
Valve clearance is out of adjustment - Check and adjust as required.
Too low idle RPM - Normalize low idle speed.
Dirty fuel lines or hoses - Clean fuel system hoses and lines.
Cylinder head gasket is damaged - Install new cylinder head gasket.
Leaking or defective piston rings - Piston rings need to be replaced.

Engine overheats
Low coolant level - Add coolant and check the components of cooling system.
Engine oil insufficient - Fill up the oil to required level.
Clogged radiator fins or damaged radiator cap - Clean radiator or replace cap.
Loose or damaged fan belt - Fan belt must be replaced.
Engine is under excessive load - Load reducing is recommended.

Low oil pressure
Oil level is low - Check oil level and add oil as required.
Clogged oil filter element - Clean or replace engine oil filter element.
Oil grade or viscosity is wrong - Drain and refill with oil of correct grade and viscosity.
Crankshaft bearing oil clearance is incorrect - Change bearings.
Oil pump malfunction - Replace as required.

Engine knocks or noises
Low engine oil level - Check and refill engine oil.
Engine is not preheated - Warm up the engine as required.
Improper setting of fuel injection pump timing - Check the fuel injection pump timing adjustment.
Too low idle RPM - Adjustment required.
Dirty or defective injectors - Test and replace fuel injectors if necessary.
Faulty or misaligned connecting rod - Replace or align connecting rod.
Piston wear or scoring - Replace the pistons as required.

Drive System Troubleshooting

Drive system doesn't function in one direction or either direction
Insufficient hydraulic oil - Checking hydraulic oil level and add if necessary.
Jammed or damaged undercarriage tracks - Repair or fix jamming.
Relief valve is stuck - Service or change relief valve.
Plugged hydraulic filter or suction line - Change hydraulic filter or service suction line.
Faulty foot or hand controls - Repair or replace.
Defective drive pump or motor - Change or repair faulty component.

Machine is not moving straight or moving is jerky
Jammed or damaged track mechanism - Remedy jamming or repair tracks.
Loose or faulty tracks - Adjust track tension or repair tracks.
Track frame is clogged with debris, dirt, or foreign objects - Remove foreign objects or debris and clean undercarriage track frame.

Loss of power
Clogged hydraulic oil filter - Check, clean, or replace as required.
Relief valve is defective or open - Close or replace relief valve.
Transmission components are defective or worn - Check and change defective components.
Input drive shaft malfunction - Replace or service the drive shaft.
There is air in the hydraulic system - Need to bleed air.

Drive system keeps overheating
Hydraulic oil level is low - Fill the system to proper hydraulic oil level.
Hydraulic fluid filter is clogged - Check, clean, or change as necessary.
Stuck relief valve - Service or change relief valve.
Damaged drive pump or hydraulic motor - Replace or repair faulty component.
Hydraulic oil cooler is plugged - Clean the cooling fins.
Transmission overloading - Reduce loading.

Drive system is noisy
Oil viscosity is incorrect - Use correct oil viscosity.
Air in hydraulic system - Bleed air from hydraulic system.
Drive pump or hydraulic motor is damaged - Repair or change faulty component.
Worn or defective mechanical parts of drive system - Inspect the parts for worn or defect and repair as needed.

Hydraulics Troubleshooting

Hydraulic system overheating
Incorrect hydraulic pressure setting - Adjust pressure correctly.
Unadjusted or defective main relief valve - Adjust relief valve or change if required.
Hydraulic oil is contaminated - Fill up with fresh hydraulic oil.
Hydraulic oil level is low - Fill up the hydraulic oil.
Faulty hydraulic oil pump - Repair or replace pump if necessary.

Boom does not raise or lower
Lift controls malfunction - Check and repair as required.
Defective hydraulic pump - Install new pump or repair it.
Defective hydraulic control valve - Install a new hydraulic valve or repair it.
Hydraulic cylinder is faulty - Repair or change hydraulic cylinder.
Insufficient hydraulic oil - Checking hydraulic oil level and add if necessary.

Bucket fails to tilt
Defective bucket controls - Check and repair as required.
Hydraulic pump failure - Install new pump or repair it.
Hydraulic control valve malfunction - Repair or replace hydraulic valve.
Faulty hydraulic bucket cylinder - Repair or install a new cylinder.
Insufficient hydraulic oil - Fill the system to proper hydraulic oil level.

Bucket or lift arm moves slowly
Hydraulic pump is defective - Check pump flow and install new pump if necessary.
Oil leaks from hydraulic cylinder - Install new cylinder seals.
Insufficient hydraulic fluid - Add fluid as required.
Hydraulic control valve is defective or set improper - Repair or adjust correctly.
Hydraulic pressure loss - Correct adjustment is required.

Lift arm or bucket is jerky
There is air in the hydraulic system - Air bleeding is required.
Hydraulic oil filter element is clogged - Clean or install new filter.
Hydraulic fluid is contaminated - Hydraulic fluid change required.
Scored cylinder tube or rod - Change worn component.

Excessive hydraulic pump noise
Hydraulic leaks or low oil level - Correct hydraulic leaks or top up oil as needed.
Clogged hydraulic filter - Change or clean oil filter.
Suction line is clogged - Suction line must be serviced.
Air in hydraulic pump - Bleed air from hydraulics.
Pump parts are damaged - Rebuild or change hydraulic pump.

Electrical Troubleshooting

Battery does not charge
Loose or corroded wire connections - Tighten or clean electrical wiring connections.
Defective battery terminal clamps - Replace terminal clamps.
Bad cell in battery - Change the battery.
Belt is loose or defective - Change belt or adjust belt tension.

Starter turns slow
Low battery voltage - Charge the battery.
Battery drains quickly - Service battery or replace it.
Disconnected wiring or bad battery terminals - Connect wires correctly or change terminals.

Starter will not work
Battery is discharged or worn - Charge or change the battery.
Disconnected or incorrectly connected wires - Inspect battery wires and connect correctly.
Low battery output voltage - Recharge the battery.
Starter motor is defective - Change or repair starter.