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Case TR340 Troubleshooting

The Case TR340 compact track loader driveline system components: a 207 cu.in (3.4L) FPT F5B FL413E 4-cylinder turbocharged diesel engine with a rated power of 86 hp (64 kW) and hydrostatic transmission. The hydraulic system has a gear pump with a rated flow of 24.2 gpm (91.5 lpm). The system pressure is 3050 psi (210 bar). The Case TR340 is equipped with a planetary gearbox with 2-speed motor, dozer-style undercarriage, and 17.7" (450 mm) rubber tracks. The loader has a maximum lift height of 126.5" (3220 mm) to hinge pin and dump height of 102.4" (2600 mm). The rated operating capacity is 2380 lbs (1080 kg), and tipping load is 6800 lbs (3084 kg).

Engine Troubleshooting

Engine difficult to start or doesn't start
Air in fuel tank - Bleed fuel tank.
Fuel filter plugged - Clean or change the filter.
Fuel injection nozzles are faulty or clogged - Replace injection nozzles.
Water or dirt in fuel system - Drain, flush, and service the system.
The valve clearance is not adjusted - Check and adjust as required.
Fuel injection pump malfunctioning - Replace injection pump or repair it.

Engine starts and stops suddenly
Air filter is plugged - Replace or clean air filter element.
Fuel filter element is clogged - Change filter element.
Poor fuel injection pump tightness - Look for any leaks of fuel pump, tighten it fast.
Fuel injectors are dirty or defective - Clean fuel injectors or change it.
Defective fuel injection pump - Repair or replace injection pump.

Engine stalls after running
Engine has not warmed up to recommended temperature - Warm up to required temperature.
Fuel filter plugging - Clean or change the filter.
Air trapped in fuel system - Bleed air.
Fuel injection nozzles fault - Service or change injection nozzles.
Fuel injection pump timing is not adjusted - Check the fuel injection pump timing adjustment.

Engine stalls when idle
Improperly adjusted low idle speed - Test and adjust.
Damaged fuel injection pump - Change pump or rebuild it.
Fuel injectors are dirty or defective - Clean fuel injectors or change it.
Improper valve clearance - Adjust to proper valve clearance.

Loss of engine power
Dirty air filter - Change or service air filter element.
Defective or clogged injection nozzle - Change fuel injection nozzles.
Fuel injection pressure is wrong - Correct the pressure settings.
Valve out of adjustment - Adjust valve clearance.
Low idle speed adjustment is incorrect - Adjust as required.
Dirt in the fuel lines or hoses - Clean fuel lines and hoses.
Cylinder head gasket is damaged - Cylinder-head gasket replacement required.
Piston rings are leaking or defective - Replace piston rings.

Engine overheated
Lack of coolant in cooling system - Fill the cooling system and check components for leaks or other faults.
Engine oil insufficient - Need to add engine oil.
Defective radiator cap or clogged radiator core - Replace cap or clean radiator.
Excessive wear of the fan belt - Replace the fan belt.
Diesel engine overloaded - Reduce load on the engine.

Oil pressure too low
Insufficient engine oil - Check and refill the oil.
Oil filter element is dirty - Change or clean engine oil filter element.
Improper type of engine oil - Fill up with the proper oil viscosity.
Crankshaft bearing oil clearance is excessive - Bearings need to be reinstalled.
Oil pump failure - Inspect and change as required.

Abnormal engine knocking or noise
Lack of engine oil - Check oil level and add oil as required.
Engine not warmed up - Warm up engine as required.
Incorrect adjustment of fuel injection pump timing - Adjust according to specifications.
Low idle speed adjustment is incorrect - Correct low idle adjustment.
Fuel injector fault - Change or clean fuel injectors.
Connecting rod is misaligned or worn - Need to align or replace the connecting rod.
Pistons are broken or worn - Replace the pistons as required.

Drive System Troubleshooting

Machine is not moving in one direction or either direction
Insufficient hydraulic oil - Check and refill the hydraulic oil.
Jammed or damaged track mechanism - Fix jamming or repair tracks.
Relief valve malfunction - Rebuild or install a new relief valve.
Suction line or hydraulic filter is dirty - Service suction line or replace hydraulic filter.
Worn or defective hand or foot controls - Replace or repair.
Drive motor or pump failure - Inspect and replace as necessary.

Machine won't drive straight or drives jerkily
Track mechanism is defective or jammed - Fix jamming or repair tracks.
Faulty or loose tracks - Adjust track tension or repair tracks.
Foreign objects, debris, or dirt stuck in track frame - Clean track frame, remove debris and foreign objects.

Low power
Hydraulic oil filter is plugged - Replace or service hydraulic filter.
Open or faulty relief valve - Close or replace relief valve.
Transmission components are defective or worn - Inspect and change faulty parts.
Input drive shaft is stuck - Replace drive shaft.
Hydraulic system is leaking air - Bleed hydraulic system.

Drive system overheats
Low hydraulic oil level - Check and refill the hydraulic oil.
Hydraulic fluid filter is plugged - Check, clean, or replace as required.
Defective relief valve - Rebuild or install a new relief valve.
Worn hydraulic motor or drive pump - Replace or repair faulty component.
Plugged hydraulic oil cooler - Cooling fins need to be cleaned.
Transmission overloading - Load needs to be reduced.

Drive system is noisy
Wrong oil viscosity - Drain and refill with correct oil.
Air leaks in hydraulic system - Bleed air from system.
Defective drive pump or hydraulic motor - Change or repair faulty component.
Mechanical parts of drive system are damaged or worn - Check the parts for defect or damage and change if required.

Hydraulics Troubleshooting

Hydraulic system is overheated
Incorrect hydraulic pressure setting - Adjust pressure correctly.
Faulty or improperly adjusted main relief valve - Adjust the valve or replace if necessary.
Hydraulic oil contamination - The oil must be changed.
Hydraulic fluid level is low - Fill the hydraulic system with oil.
Worn hydraulic oil pump - Repair or replace pump if necessary.

Boom cannot be lowered or raised
Lift controls failure - Check and repair as required.
Hydraulic pump malfunction - Replace or repair pump if necessary.
Hydraulic control valve failure - Change or repair hydraulic valve.
Damaged hydraulic cylinder - Repair or install a new lift cylinder.
Insufficient hydraulic fluid - Fill the system to proper hydraulic fluid level.

Bucket does not tilt
Bucket tilt controls malfunction - Repair or change.
Defective hydraulic pump - Change or repair hydraulic pump if required.
Damaged hydraulic control valve - Replace or repair the valve.
Bucket cylinder malfunction - Install a new cylinder or repair it.
Low hydraulic oil level - Need to add oil.

Slow bucket or lift arm action
Defective hydraulic pump - Test the pump flow rate and change pump if required.
Oil leaks from hydraulic cylinder - Change cylinder piston seals.
Low hydraulic oil level - Fill the system to proper hydraulic oil level.
Hydraulic control valve is faulty or out of adjustment - Repair or adjust properly.
Hydraulic pressure has dropped - Correct adjustment is required.

Jerky operation of the bucket or boom
Air leaks in hydraulic system - Bleed air from hydraulic system.
Hydraulic oil filter element is dirty - Replace or clean the filter.
Dirty hydraulic oil - Change hydraulic oil.
Scratched cylinder rod or tube - Replace failed component.

Hydraulic pump makes excessive noise
Insufficient oil level or leaking hydraulic system - Top up hydraulic oil or remedy leakage in system.
Plugged hydraulic filter - Clean or change the filter.
Suction line clogging - Service the suction line.
Air enters the pump - Air bleeding is required.
Faulty pump components - Replace or rebuild the pump.

Electrical Troubleshooting

Battery is not charging
Loose or corroded electrical wiring connections - Tighten or clean electrical wiring connections.
Battery terminal clamps are faulty - Replace terminal clamps.
Battery bad cell - Battery change required.
Loose or worn belt - Replace belt or adjust belt tension.

Starter turning slow
Battery capacity is low - Battery needs to be recharged.
Battery won’t hold charge - Battery needs to be serviced or replaced.
Disconnected wiring or bad battery terminals - Connect wires properly or change terminals.

Starter will not crank
Battery is discharged or defective - Charge or replace the battery.
Wiring is incorrectly connected or disconnected - Inspect wiring and connect correctly.
Low battery voltage - Recharge the battery.
Starter motor failing - Starter needs to be replaced.