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Case TR310B Troubleshooting

The Case TR310B compact track loader is powered by 207 cu.in (3.4L) FPT F5H FL463 vertical 4-cylinder direct injection turbocharged diesel engine with a rated power of 74 hp (55 kW) at 2500 rpm. The Case TR310B is equipped with a two-speed hydrostatic transmission, dozer-style undercarriage, and 15.7" (400 mm) rubber tracks with steel inserts. The hydraulic system has a pump with fluid flow rate of 24.2 gpm (91.5 lpm). The hydraulic pressure is 3050 psi (210 bar). The track loader has a rated operating capacity of 2170 lbs (984 kg) and tipping load of 6200 lbs (2812 kg). The lift height is 125.1" (3180 mm) to hinge pin, and dump height is 100.6" (2560 mm).

Engine Troubleshooting

Engine hard to start or will not start
Air trapped in fuel system - Bleed air.
Fuel filter element is clogged - Clean or change the filter.
Defective or clogged injection nozzle - Clean or change injection nozzles.
Water or dirt in fuel system - Drain, flush, and service the system.
Improper valve clearance - Adjustment procedure required.
Fuel injection pump failure - Repair or install a new fuel pump.

Engine starts and immediately shuts off
Air cleaner is clogged - Install new air cleaner element.
Fuel filter plugging - Clean or replace the filter.
Fuel injection pump is leaking - Repair any leaks.
Damaged or clogged injectors - Replace fuel injectors.
Faulty fuel injection pump - Install a new pump or rebuild.

Engine stalls during operation
Engine is cold - Warm up to required temperature.
Fuel filter is plugged - Clean or replace the filter.
Air in fuel system - Bleed fuel system.
Dirty or damaged injection nozzles - Check injection nozzles and replace if required.
Improper setting of fuel injection pump timing - Adjust as recommended.

Engine stops at idle
Wrong adjustment of low idle speed - Test and adjust.
Fuel injection pump damage - Rebuild or change fuel pump.
Damaged or clogged injectors - Change or clean fuel injectors.
Valve out of adjustment - Adjust valve clearance.

Engine power loss
Air cleaner is clogged - Service or replace air cleaner.
Fuel injection nozzles are damaged - Test injection nozzles and change if necessary.
Fuel injection pressure is incorrect - Correct the pressure settings.
The valve clearance is not adjusted - Check and adjust.
Incorrectly adjusted low idle speed - Need to adjust idle speed.
Fuel hoses or lines are dirty - Service fuel lines and hoses.
Damaged cylinder-head gasket - Replace the gasket as required.
Piston rings are damaged or leaking - Replace the piston rings as required.

Engine overheats
Low engine coolant - The cooling system needs to be refilled and checked for faults.
Low engine oil level - Fill up the oil to required level.
Clogged radiator fins or leaking radiator cap - Install new cap or clean radiator.
Excessive wear of the fan belt - Replace the fan belt.
Engine is under excessive load - Reduce load on the engine.

Low oil pressure
Low oil level - Add oil to the engine crankcase.
Plugged engine oil filter - Change or service engine oil filter.
Oil grade or viscosity is wrong - Drain and refill with oil of correct grade and viscosity.
Crankshaft bearing oil clearance is excessive - Change bearings.
Oil pump is damaged - Repair or replace.

Engine noises or knocks
Not enough engine oil - Checking oil level and add if necessary.
Engine is not warmed up to required temperature - Warm up to required temperature.
Improper setting of fuel injection pump timing - Set the fuel pump timing correctly.
Improperly adjusted low idle speed - Correct the settings.
Fuel injector fault - Replace or clean fuel injectors.
Connecting rod is not aligned or defective - Need to change or align the connecting rod.
Worn or scored pistons - Pistons replacement required.

Drive System Troubleshooting

Machine is not moving forward or backward
Hydraulic oil is insufficient - Check and refill the hydraulic oil.
Blocked or defective undercarriage tracks - Repair or remove blockage.
Relief valver is broken - Rebuild or install a new relief valve.
Plugged hydraulic filter or suction line - Clean suction line or change hydraulic filter.
Foot or hand controls are damaged - Check and repair as required.
Drive pump or motor is damaged - Repair or change faulty component.

Machine won't move straight or moves jerky
Jammed or damaged track mechanism - Repair or remedy jamming.
Sagging or faulty tracks - Replace tracks or adjust track sag with tension.
Track frame is blocked with debris, dirt, or foreign objects - Clean undercarriage track frame, remove foreign objects and debris.

Lack of power
Dirty hydraulic oil filter - Change or service hydraulic filter.
Opened or worn relief valve - Close or change relief valve.
Transmission components are worn or defective - Inspect and replace defective parts.
Stuck input drive shaft - Rebuild or change the shaft.
Air leaks in hydraulic system - Bleed hydraulic system.

Drive system overheating
Hydraulic fluid level low - Check and refill the hydraulic fluid.
Plugged hydraulic fluid filter - Check, clean, or change as necessary.
Defective or worn relief valve - Rebuild or install a new relief valve.
Damaged drive pump or hydraulic motor - Inspect and replace as necessary.
Dirty oil cooler - Cooling fins need to be cleaned.
Drive system overloaded continuously - Load needs to be reduced.

Excessive noise
Improper oil viscosity - Use oil of correct viscosity.
Hydraulic system is leaking air - Bleed hydraulic system.
Drive pump or hydraulic motor is damaged - Repair or change faulty component.
Worn or damaged mechanical components of drive system - Inspect the parts for worn or defect and repair as needed.

Hydraulics Troubleshooting

Hydraulic system is overheated
Hydraulic pressure is incorrect - Adjust pressure correctly.
Defective or misadjusted main relief valve - Adjust or change relief valve.
Hydraulic oil is contaminated - Hydraulic oil change required.
Hydraulic fluid level is insufficient - Add fluid to the hydraulic system.
Faulty hydraulic oil pump - Change or repair hydraulic pump if required.

Boom cannot be lowered or raised
Faulty lift controls - Inspect and repair if necessary.
Hydraulic pump is broken - Repair or replace pump if necessary.
Hydraulic control valve malfunction - Repair or replace the valve.
Hydraulic cylinder is faulty - Repair or replace hydraulic cylinder.
Insufficient hydraulic oil - Need to add oil.

Bucket does not tilt
Bucket controls failure - Replace or repair.
Damaged hydraulic oil pump - Repair or replace pump if necessary.
Faulty hydraulic control valve - Replace or repair the valve.
Hydraulic bucket cylinder is defective - Replace or repair cylinder.
Insufficient hydraulic fluid - Add fluid as required.

Slow boom or bucket operation
Hydraulic pump is worn - Test the pump flow rate and install new pump if required.
Leaking hydraulic cylinder - Change cylinder piston seals.
Low hydraulic fluid level - Checking hydraulic fluid level and add if necessary.
Defective or not adjusted hydraulic control valve - Set properly or repair.
Hydraulic pressure is low - Set pressure correctly.

Jerky operation of the bucket or boom
Air in hydraulic system - Need to bleed air.
Hydraulic oil filter is dirty - Clean or replace the filter.
Hydraulic oil contamination - Fill up with fresh hydraulic oil.
Cylinder rod or tube is scuffed - Change worn component.

Hydraulic pump is noisy
Hydraulic leaks or lack of oil - Repair hydraulic leaks or add oil as required.
Clogged hydraulic filter - Change or clean oil filter.
Suction line is clogged - Need to clean the suction line.
Air trapped in hydraulic pump - Need to bleed air.
Faulty pump parts - Install new hydraulic pump or rebuild it.

Electrical Troubleshooting

Battery won’t charge
Corroded or loose cable connections - Tighten or clean electrical wiring connections.
Defective battery terminal clamps - Terminal clamps need to be replaced.
Battery is defective - Battery replacement required.
Worn or loose belt - Belt needs to be adjusted or replaced.

Starter cranks slowly
Low battery output voltage - Battery is drained, recharge it.
Battery drains quickly - Service or change the battery.
Terminals are faulty or battery cables are disconnected - Connect wiring correctly or install new terminals.

Starter is not cranking
Battery is drained or worn - Recharge or replace battery.
Wire harness is disconnected or incorrectly connected - Check wire harness and connect as required.
Low battery output - Recharge the battery.
Starter motor failure - Repair or replace starter.