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Case TR270B Troubleshooting

The Case TR270B compact track loader driveline system components: a 207 cu.in (3.4L) FPT F5H FL463 4-cylinder turbocharged diesel engine with a rated power of 74 hp (55 kW), and two-speed hydro transmission. The hydraulic system has a pump with a rated flow of 24.2 gpm (91.5 lpm). The system pressure is 3050 psi (210 bar). The Case TR270B is equipped with a planetary gearbox, dozer-style undercarriage, and 12.6" (320 mm) rubber tracks with steel inserts. The loader has a maximum lift height of 125.1" (3180 mm) to hinge pin and dump height of 100.6" (2560 mm). The rated operating capacity is 1890 lbs (860 kg), and tipping load is 5400 lbs (2450 kg).

Engine Troubleshooting

Engine difficult to start or doesn't start
Air trapped in fuel system - Bleed air.
Dirty fuel filter - Change the filter element.
Burnt or clogged injection nozzle - Inspect nozzles and replace if necessary.
Dirt or water in fuel system - Drain water or flush dirt from the system.
Incorrect valve clearance - Check and adjust.
Fuel injection pump is defective - Repair or replace injection pump.

Diesel starts but immediately stops
Air filter is dirty - Install new air filter element.
Dirty fuel filter - Replace the filter element.
Fuel injection pump leakage - Check the fuel injection pump for leaks and fix it.
Fuel injectors are dirty or defective - Clean fuel injectors or change it.
Fuel injection pump damage - Change pump or rebuild it.

Engine stops running suddenly
Engine not warmed up - Normalize the temperature by warming up the engine.
Dirty fuel filter - Change filter element.
Air in fuel tank - Bleed fuel tank.
Defective injection nozzle - Install a new kit of correctly balanced nozzles.
Wrong setting of fuel injection pump timing - Use the correct fuel injection pump timing adjustment.

Engine stops while idling
Low idle speed setting is incorrect - Adjust low idling as recommended.
Fuel injection pump is defective - Install a new pump or rebuild.
Fuel injectors are dirty or defective - Replace or clean fuel injectors.
Incorrect valve clearance - Correct valve clearance needs to be set.

Diesel engine is losing power
Air cleaner is dirty - Install new air cleaner element.
Defective or clogged injection nozzle - Test injection nozzles and change if necessary.
Insufficient fuel injection pressure - Adjust pressure to proper level.
Valve clearance is not correct - Correct valve clearance needs to be set.
Improperly adjusted low idle speed - Adjust low idle speed.
Dirt in the fuel hoses or lines - Clean fuel lines and hoses.
Cylinder head gasket is damaged - Install new cylinder head gasket.
Piston rings are worn or defective - Replace piston rings.

Engine is overheated
Low engine coolant - Fill the cooling system and check components for leaks or other faults.
Engine oil level is low - Need to add engine oil.
Dirty radiator fins or faulty radiator cap - Replace cap or clean radiator.
Fan belt slipping or worn - Install new fan belt.
Engine is under excessive load - Load reducing required.

Low oil pressure
Not enough oil in the engine - Need to add oil.
Dirty oil filter - Clean or replace engine oil filter element.
Oil grade or viscosity is wrong - Use proper viscosity oil.
Crankshaft bearing oil clearance is excessive - Change bearings.
Oil pump is damaged - Repair or change.

Engine knocking or noise
Engine oil insufficient - Add oil to the engine crankcase.
Coolant temperature is low - Warm up engine as required.
Improper fuel injection timing - Use the correct fuel injection pump timing adjustment.
Incorrectly set low idle speed - Adjust low idle speed.
Damaged or clogged injectors - Change or clean fuel injectors.
Faulty or misaligned connecting rod - Align or change connecting rod.
Piston wear or scoring - Pistons replacement required.

Drive System Troubleshooting

Machine is not moving in one direction or either direction
Low hydraulic fluid level - Fill the system to proper hydraulic fluid level.
Damaged or jammed undercarriage tracks - Fix jamming or repair tracks.
Faulty relief valve - Rebuild or install a new relief valve.
Plugged suction line or hydraulic filter - Check, clean, or replace if required.
Defective or worn foot or hand controls - Change or repair.
Drive motor or pump failure - Replace or repair faulty component.

Machine does not move straight or moves jerky
Undercarriage tracks are jammed or defective - Fix jamming or repair tracks.
Loose or faulty tracks - Replace tracks or adjust track tension.
Undercarriage track frame is clogged with dirt, debris, or foreign objects - Clean undercarriage track frame, remove foreign objects and debris.

Reduced power
Plugged hydraulic oil filter - Replace or clean hydraulic filter.
Relief valve is damaged or open - Close or replace relief valve.
Faulty or damaged transmission components - Check and replace faulty components.
Input drive shaft malfunction - Repair or install a new drive shaft.
Air in hydraulic system - Bleed hydraulic system.

Overheated drive system
Insufficient hydraulic oil - Fill the system to proper hydraulic oil level.
Clogged hydraulic fluid filter - Replace hydraulic filter.
Relief valve worn or defective - Change or repair defective relief valve.
Hydraulic motor or drive pump is worn - Inspect and change as required.
Dirty oil cooler - Clean cooling fins as required.
Drive system overload - Reduce the load.

Drive system is noisy
Oil viscosity is wrong - Drain and refill with correct oil.
Air in hydraulic system - Air bleeding is required.
Worn hydraulic motor or drive pump - Inspect and change as required.
Worn or defective mechanical parts of drive system - Check the components for defect or damage and change if necessary.

Hydraulics Troubleshooting

Hydraulic system overheats
Hydraulic pressure is not correct - Adjust it correctly.
Main relief valve is faulty or misadjusted - Adjust relief valve or change if required.
Hydraulic oil is dirty - Change hydraulic oil.
Not enough hydraulic fluid in the system - Add fluid to the hydraulic system.
Hydraulic pump is defective - Replace or repair pump if necessary.

Lift arm does not lower or raise
Lift controls are faulty - Repair or change.
Hydraulic pump is broken - Install new pump or repair it.
Hydraulic control valve is defective - Replace or repair the valve.
Defective hydraulic cylinder - Replace or repair boom cylinder.
Low hydraulic oil level - Check and refill the hydraulic oil.

Bucket is not working
Bucket tilt controls are defective - Change or repair.
Hydraulic pump not working - Change or repair hydraulic pump if required.
Hydraulic control valve malfunction - Install a new hydraulic valve or repair it.
Hydraulic bucket cylinder is defective - Replace or repair cylinder.
Insufficient hydraulic fluid - Add fluid as required.

Boom or bucket is moving slowly
Faulty hydraulic oil pump - Check pump performance and change it if necessary.
Hydraulic cylinder leaking - Change cylinder piston seals.
Hydraulic oil level low - Need to add oil.
Hydraulic control valve is defective or set improper - Set correctly or repair.
Hydraulic pressure loss - Correct setting is required.

Bucket or boom is jerky
Air leaks in hydraulic system - Bleed hydraulic system.
Dirty hydraulic oil filter element - Replace or clean the filter.
Hydraulic fluid is contaminated - The fluid must be changed.
Scored cylinder tube or rod - Change damaged component.

Hydraulic pump is excessively noisy
Leaking hydraulic system or insufficient oil level - Refill hydraulic oil or repair leaks in system.
Plugged hydraulic filter - Replace or clean the filter.
Suction line is clogged - Need to service the suction line.
Air trapped in hydraulic pump - Remove air from hydraulics.
Pump components are faulty - Rebuild or replace hydraulic pump.

Electrical Troubleshooting

Battery is not charging
Loose or corroded electrical wiring connections - Service or tighten connections.
Electrical terminal connectors are faulty - Terminal connectors need to be changed.
Worn-out battery - Change the battery.
Loose or damaged belt - Need to adjust belt tension or replace belt.

Starter cranks slowly
Low battery output voltage - Battery needs to be recharged.
Battery will not hold charge - Service charging system or replace battery.
Battery terminals are corroded or wires are disconnected - Connect wires properly or change terminals.

Starter will not crank
Battery is discharged or worn - Recharge or change battery.
Wiring is incorrectly connected or disconnected - Inspect wiring and connect correctly.
Low battery output - Charge the battery.
Faulty starter motor - Starter should be replaced.